TheVoiceOfJoyce Top Conservation ideas for 2023. Investing in Biodiversity. Using microbes to enhance and increase nitrogen fixing legumes and reduce the need for artificial fertilizer. Recycling lithium and using batteries that run on microbes or other less exotic fuels. Ridding waterways of invasive species. We’ll clean up our water ways judiciously. The American West must rethink their planting of alfalfa, it’s too water intensive. Before the Colorado River dries up, along with aquifers, the Western states must regulate water usage and tax businesses for their use. As the Planet warms, the oceans are a negative feedback loop, generating more storms and weather extremes. The Earth can no longer support unregulated use. We are running out of resources. The good news, we have alternative ways to conserve our resources and save ourselves!

process known as “nitrogen-fixing”. Until recently, this talent has been limited to a relatively small number of crop species such as soya beans and cowpeas. But now scientists are applying modern tools of biology to expand the capabilities by genetically engineering plants to be better able to take up nitrogen and using synthetic biology to create new forms of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. As this capability grows and finds real-world application, it can reduce the adverse environmental consequences of artificial fertiliser use and so reduce their harms to wild plants and animals.

Water in the fast lane

Natural cycling of saltwater through the top layer of the oceans distributes nutrients needed by ocean life and helps determine weather and climate around the world. As the atmosphere, and so the ocean’s surface, warms, this circulation is accelerating and moving toward the surface, modifying the circulation patterns ocean life and coastal communities – including human ones – have evolved to thrive with. Scientists fear the changes will make oceans less able to moderate the changing climate and support marine ecosystems. They also could make ocean movements and temperature regimes less predictable, interfering with fisheries and ocean aquaculture and thus altering how humans affect marine organisms.

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